|Management of normal labour - Wellcome Library|
Shows how a typical labour should be managed, including abdominal and vaginal examination, the second stage of labour, the patient prepared for delivery, the control of the foetal head, examination of the umbilical cord, use of the mucus cather, ligation of the cord, expulsion of the placenta and an examination for vaginal and perineal lacerations. 1 segment.
Keywords: Obstetrics; Parturition; Labor, Obstetric; Medical sciences; Birth; Obstetrics; Parturition; Labor, Obstetric; Obstetricians. Midwives
|Breast feeding : difficult cases - Wellcome Library|
This film shows various cases of mothers who have difficulty breast feeding their babies. Solutions to the problems are demonstrated, for instance a case of inverted nipples can be treated successfully with massage and the use of a breast pump. An inadequate milk supply can be supplemented with formula. 'Flabby breasts' can be successfully treated with massage, supplementary feeding and exercise. 2 segments.
Keywords: Anatomy; Breast Feeding; Maternal Behavior; Mothers; Maternal and child health; Anatomy; Breast Feeding; Maternal Behavior; Midwives. Doctors
|Mechanism of labour - Wellcome Library|
The film illustrates the mechanisms of labour in childbirth by means of a model pelvis and foetal skull, viewed from in front and from below. 1 segment.
Keywords: Obstetrics; Parturition; Birth; Obstetrics; Parturition; Obstetricians
|The Both mechanical respirator - Wellcome Library|
This film in two parts shows the mechanism of an artifical respirator (an iron lung) a female patient is shown being placed in the machine and then cared for by nurses (she is fed, groomed and given an enema). The second part starts with instructions as to what to do if there are electrical or mechanical faults in the machinery. 3 segments.
Keywords: Ventilators, Mechanical -- history; Respiration, Artificial; Medical equipment; Respiratory systems; Medical treatment; Ventilators, Mechanical -- history; Respiration, Artificial; Medicine
|Circulation of blood in man - Wellcome Library|
Outline of the course of blood-flow in man and in chick. Pulmonary circulation in man systematic circulation capillary circulation lymph circulation. 3 segments.
Keywords: Physiology; Blood Circulation; Human physiology; Physiology; Blood Circulation; Medical students
|William Harvey and the circulation of the blood - Wellcome Library|
A completely revised and updated version of the 1957 film of the same title. The two earlier versions of this film (1928 and 1957) were both based on Robert Willis' 1847 translation of Harvey's De Motu Cordis for the Sydenham Society. This version is based directly on Harvey's original text, and corrects a number of minor errors and omissions in the earlier versions, as well as incorporating much new historical research...
Keywords: Harvey, William, 1578-1657; Blood Circulation -- history; Physiology -- history; Cardiology -- history; Human physiology; Blood Circulation -- history; Physiology -- history; Cardiology -- history; Medicine
|War Neuroses : Netley Hospital,1917 - Wellcome Library|
Shows the symptomatology of shell-shock in 18 British other rankers and its treatment by two leading R.A.M.C. neurologists in two British military hospitals towards the end of the First World War. Captions tell us the men's names, rank, medical condition, details of their symptoms and how long it took to complete the cure, which in one case was in two and a half hours. Clinical features shown include a variety of ataxic and hysterical gaits hysterical paralyses, contractures and anaesthesias fac...
Keywords: World War, 1914-1918; Hospitals, Military; Combat Disorders -- rehabilitation; World war; Armed forces; World War, 1914-1918; Hospitals, Military; Combat Disorders -- rehabilitation; Medicine
|Digestion - Wellcome Library|
An overview of the anatomy and workings of the digestive system is given. Intestinal tract, mouth and oesphaegus, salivary glands, action of saliva, swallowing. Stomach structure, action of gastric juice, cineradiography of stomach. Pancreas. Liver. Gall bladder. Small intestine. Large gut. 3 segments.
Keywords: Gastroenterology; Digestion; Digestive System; Saliva; Stomach; Intestine, Small; Intestine, Large; Human biology; Gastroenterology; Digestion; Digestive System; Saliva; Stomach; Intestine, Small; Intestine, Large; Medical students
|Normal breastfeeding : infant management - Wellcome Library|
An instructional film looking at all aspects of breast feeding. Antenatal welfare and preparation is advised - the importance of good diet (sample meals are shown by a midwife) and the clinical examination of the breasts are encouraged. Postnatal management begins in hospital with the establishment of lactation during the 'Lying In' period the importance of hygiene around the nipple is encouraged. Shots then include the mother and baby at home - we see the preparation of the cot, nappy changing,...
Keywords: Breast Feeding; Maternal Behavior; Mothers; Maternal and child health; Breast Feeding; Maternal Behavior; Pregnant women
|Relief of pain in childbirth - Wellcome Library|
Requirements of an ideal analgesic and the use of nitrous oxide and trichlorethlene in childbirth. A pregnant woman is shown on a hospital bed and the voice-over sets the tone for this medical information film, explaining that there are four key factors in seeking analgesia in childbirth. The mother remains conscious and co-operative, there are good uterine contractions, the method is safe for mother and baby and respiration in the baby is not repressed...
Keywords: Parturition; Obstetrics; Analgesia, Obstetrical; Anesthesia, Obstetrical; Birth; Maternal and child health; Parturition; Obstetrics; Analgesia, Obstetrical; Anesthesia, Obstetrical; Medical profession anaesthetists
|The signs and stages of anaesthesia No 1 - Wellcome Library|
A technical film (the first part of a series) apparently aimed at the inexperienced anaesthetist. Most of the film looks at the theory of the stages of anaesthesia using Guedel's chart. This is laboriously annotated with animations to illustrate every reflex present in anaesthesia using the inhalation method. There are four stages of anaesthesia the third stage is when surgery can commence (this is in turn subdivided into planes)...
Keywords: Imperial Chemical Industries, ltd Pharmaceuticals Division; Anesthesia; Anesthesia -- history; Respiration; Medical equipment; Respiratory systems; Medical treatment; Anesthesia; Anesthesia -- history; Respiration; Medicine
Downloads: 2,691 (1 review)
|Physiology of the skin - Wellcome Library|
Using stylised diagrams throughout, some of them animated, the physiology of the skin is described in an elementary way. Various integuments epidermis growth replacement. Dermis structure. Nails. Touch cells. Sweat glands. Hair follicle. Care of skin. How a blister forms. 3 segments.
Keywords: Dermatology; Skin; Hair Follicle; Sweat Glands; Epidermis; Touch; Nails; Blister; Medical sciences; Dermatology; Skin; Hair Follicle; Sweat Glands; Epidermis; Touch; Nails; Blister; Doctors
|Caesarean section at full term for contracted pelvis - Wellcome Library|
This film depicts a standard caesarean section operation, with intertitles explaining the various stages. 3 segments.
Keywords: Obstetric Surgical Procedures; Cesarean Section; Birth; Surgery; Obstetric Surgical Procedures; Cesarean Section; Obstetricians. Surgeons
|The life cycle of the malaria parasite|
A technical film about the development of the malaria parasite through human and mosquito phases. Colour stills from Ancient China showing the historical understanding of the disease. Animated drawings in colour describing the progress of the disease. Identification of fever is described. Leishman and Giemsa stained parasites are shown as well as the characteristics of the four species causing human malaria...
Keywords: Communicable Diseases; Tropical Medicine; Malaria
|Diphtheria - Wellcome Library|
A film showing the outstanding features of the campaign against diphtheria - includes diagrams detailing how the condition affects the body and footage of children with the disease being treated in hospital. 3 segments.
Keywords: Diphtheria; Communicable Diseases; Pediatrics; Pediatrics; Medical sciences; Diphtheria; Communicable Diseases; Pediatrics; Health care personnel
|The choice is ours - Wellcome Library|
This film addresses overpopulation in the Philipines and seeks to motivate public health and other government workers to re-inforce the benefits of reducing family sizes. Throughout there are scenes of impoverished urban life with the stress made on the pressure of finite resources whether health, education or quality of life. Finally, President Marcos outlines the challenge ahead which would involve tackling the Catholic church's explicit lack of support for contraception as well as the desire ...
Keywords: Family Planning Services; Contraception; Philippines; Medical Sciences; Public health; Philippines; Family Planning Services; Contraception; Public sector workers
|Labour with uniovular twins - Wellcome Library|
This film shows the second stage of labour, and opens with the head of the first child advancing and gradually distending the perineum. The first child presents in the left occipito anterior position. The second child presents and is delivered in the third vortex position. The placenta is delivered. 3 segments.
Keywords: Obstetrics; Twins, Monozygotic; Labor, Obstetric; Parturition; Birth; Medical sciences; Obstetrics; Twins, Monozygotic; Labor, Obstetric; Parturition; Obstetricians. Midwives
No credits, followed by a cineradiograph of a typical normal barium swallow. The semi-solid meal passes over the back of the tongue, past the epiglottis and into the pharynx. 1 segment.
Keywords: Medicine -- History; Radiography; Cineradiography -- history
|Bacteria - Wellcome Library|
A superficial introduction to the concept of bacteria. Making culture media innoculating a culture incubation how bacteria multiply microscopy staining. 2 segments.
Keywords: Bacteria; Bacteriology; Bacteria -- growth & development; Bacteria; Microorganisms; Bacteria; Bacteriology; Bacteria -- growth & development; Medical students
|Acute appendicitis - Wellcome Library|
Shows surgery to treat acute appendicitis including the use of the McBurney incision. Advice is given on the treatment of advanced cases and their complications. 4 segments.
Keywords: Appendix; Appendicitis; Appendectomy; Surgery; Medical sciences; Appendix; Appendicitis; Appendectomy; Surgeons
|Sub-conjunctival cataract extraction - Wellcome Library|
A black and white, silent film, made up of a series of illustrations of a number of different cataract operations. The sequences show the different types of cataracts and a variety of procedures to remove or treat them. 3 segments.
Keywords: Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures; Cataract Extraction; Eye; Eyesight; Ophthalmology; Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures; Cataract Extraction; Eye; Surgeons. Ophthalmologists
|Bathing and dressing : Part 1 - Wellcome Library|
A two-part film made for mothers-to-be, looking at the correct way to bathe a baby. This first part shows, among other things, the importance of avoiding draughts, which equipment is needed, how to change a soiled nappy, the correct temperature of bath water and how to wash the face and head. 2 segments.
Keywords: Infant, Newborn; Maternal Behavior; Early childhood; Infant, Newborn; Maternal Behavior; Pregnant women
|Development of a bird embryo - Wellcome Library|
A review of the surface of the developing bird, with shots of the blood system under the microscope. Diagrams explain the development of the chick embryo. Techniques of dissection and observation are shown. We see the appearance of the bird at 1.5, 2.5, 3, 5, 6, and 8 days 1 day before hatching. The formation of membranes is also shown. 3 segments.
Keywords: Embryology; Birds -- embryology; Embryos; Medical sciences; Embryology; Birds -- embryology; Medical students
|Streamline flow in veins - Wellcome Library|
This film looks at the medical physics of streamlined and turbulent blood flow in a glass model, and with the help of dye injected into the tributary veins shows streamlined blood flow in the rabbit vena cava and portal venous system. Also discusses in some depth Reynolds' formula for the conditions determining the switch from one type of flow to another. 2 segments.
Keywords: Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena; Regional Blood Flow; Rabbits; Hemodynamics -- in animals; Medical Sciences; Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena; Regional Blood Flow; Rabbits; Hemodynamics -- in animals; Medicine
|Treatment of fractures of both bones of the leg - Wellcome Library|
Describes in detail the steps in reduction and fixation of closed fracture of the tibia and fibula. 2 segments.
Keywords: Orthopedics; Leg Bones; Leg Injuries -- therapy; Medical sciences; Orthopedics; Leg Bones; Leg Injuries -- therapy; Doctors
Downloads: 487 (1 review)
|Mosquitoes and malaria - Wellcome Library|
This video demonstrates both the classical dissection technique (demonstrated here by Mr. P.G. Shute and Dr. R.S. Bray in Wellcome-made archive film from 1953) and the modern enzyme-linked immunosorbent method (ELISA) for detecting malaria sporozoites and oocysts in female Anopheles mosquitoes. Although modern immunological techniques are more rapid and efficient, dissection under the microscope is still important in areas where modern methods are not readily available...
Keywords: Malaria; Plasmodium -- isolation & purification; Culicidae; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay; Medical sciences; Malaria; Infectious diseases; Tropical diseases; Malaria; Plasmodium -- isolation & purification; Culicidae; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay; Tropical medicine
|Indirect inguinal hernia : operative technique - Wellcome Library|
This film shows the repair of an indirect inguinal hernia. It was intended to show the essential steps in the operation and not the details of technique. 2 segments.
Keywords: Hernia; Hernia, Inguinal -- surgery; General Surgery; Surgery; Hernia; Hernia, Inguinal -- surgery; General Surgery; Surgeons
|Artificial respiration - Wellcome Library|
This film demonstrates the many mechanical methods available for artificial respiration with paralysis available to patients in the 1940s . 6 segments.
Keywords: Respiration, Artificial; Ventilators, Mechanical; Ventilators, Mechanical -- history; Medical equipment; Respiratory systems; Medical treatment; Respiration, Artificial; Ventilators, Mechanical; Ventilators, Mechanical -- history; Medicine
|Stone age tools : prehistoric stoneworking techniques - Wellcome Library|
A demonstration by M. Leon Coutier, archaeologist and former President of the Societe Prehistorique Francaise, of his technique for making replicas of Palaeolithic tools and weapons, including hand-axes, scrapers, gravers and flint arrowheads. Filmed at the former Institute of Archaeology, Regent's Park, London in June 1947. An important archeological record. 2 segments.
Keywords: Medicine -- History; Archaeology -- history; Medical Science; Medicine -- History; Archaeology -- history; Medical
|Removal of tonsils and adenoids - Wellcome Library|
Steps of operation for removal of tonsils by dissection and of adenoids by La Force Guillotine (a type of surgical instrument). 2 segments.
Keywords: Tonsillectomy; Adenoidectomy; Pediatrics; Surgery; Tonsillectomy; Adenoidectomy; Pediatrics; Surgeons
|Acute encephalitis lethargica - Wellcome Library|
A case demonstration showing loss of equilibrium at an early stage and somnolence at a later stage due to encephalitis lethargica, also known as 'sleepy sickness' or 'sleeping sickness'. 1 segment.
Keywords: Neurology; Encephalitis; Neurology; Neurology; Encephalitis; Neurologists. Doctors
Downloads: 929 (1 review)
|The dissection of a mosquito for malaria parasite - Wellcome Library|
A detailed cinematographic record of the classic laboratory technique for dissecting a mosquito to detect malaria parasites. The film describes the oocyst and sporozoite phases of the life-cycle of the malaria parasite within the mosquito before demonstrating how the mosquito's salivary glands are pressed out and prepared for examination so that sporozoites can be identified, and the way in which the stomach is removed and the oocysts are detected...
Keywords: Malaria; Tropical Medicine; Dissection; Tropical diseases; Malaria; Malaria; Tropical Medicine; Dissection; Dissection; Medical
|Schistosomiasis - Wellcome Library|
An estimated 200 million people and many more domestic animals throughout the tropical and sub-tropical world suffer from the parasitic disease schistosomiasis (also known as bilharzia), while more than 400 million others are at risk of infection. With the aid of cinemicrography, electron micrographs and graphics, this video gives a highly detailed account of each stage in the life-cycle of 'Schistosoma mansoni', one of the five principal species of schistosome and shows how certain characterist...
Keywords: Schistosomicides; Schistosoma mansoni; Schistosomiasis -- prevention & control; Tropical Medicine; Parasites; Tropical diseases; Infectious diseases; Medical sciences; Schistosomicides; Schistosoma mansoni; Schistosomiasis -- prevention & control; Tropical Medicine; Parasites; Tropical medicine
|The life cycle of the tsetse fly - Wellcome Library|
The twenty-two species of blood-feeding tsetse fly are found only in tropical Africa - all can carry the trypanosome parasite that causes African sleeping sickness (African Trypanosomiasis) in man and Nagana in cattle and other domesticated animals.This film gives a detailed account of the life-cycle of the tsetse fly, with special reference to Glossina morsitans. The fly does not lay eggs but gives birth to one living larva at a time, which burrows into the earth and pupates...
Keywords: Tsetse Flies -- growth & development; Trypanosomiasis, African; Medical sciences; Tsetse Flies -- growth & development; Trypanosomiasis, African; Medical
|The human factor - Wellcome Library|
This film is about how accidents in the workplace might occur. In the form of a semi-dramatic reconstruction, narrated by Maurice Denham, we see how a factory worker, Stan Berry, becomes the victim of a serious accident while at work. We arrive at the scene of the accident, an industrial work place with stacks of oil drums at the same time as the ambulance. The following sequences explore how the accident happened and who is to blame...
Keywords: Accidents, Occupational; Health education; Medical sciences; Safety education; Occupational safety; Health services; Accidents, Occupational; Medical
Downloads: 1,642 (1 review)
|Recent advances in fracture treatment Part 4|
Part 4 opens with an intertitle describing 'Case 3' which lasts approximately 10 minutes this involves a man with a fracture of the tibia and fibula. X-rays illustrate the 'deformity'. In the operating theatre, the surgeon prepares the surgical bed (levers and winches are reminiscent of a D-I-Y work bench) then the leg is pinned and secured in place using plaster of paris. The patient returns to the ward and is held in traction...
Keywords: Fractures; Fractures -- history; Fractures -- rehabilitation; Prostheses and Implants; Accidents, Occupational; limb damage
|Action of cilia and the effect of drugs on their activity - Wellcome Library|
Shows the action of cilia, both in situ and in artificial surroundings. 2 segments.
Keywords: Cilia; Microbiology; Animals; Respiratory System; Microbiology; Medical sciences; Respiratory systems; Cilia; Microbiology; Animals; Respiratory System; Medical students
|Plaster bandage technique : Part 1 - Wellcome Library|
Shows in outline the preparation of padded plasters of the lower limbs. 2 segments.
Keywords: Orthopedics; Bandages; Leg; Medical sciences; Orthopedics; Bandages; Leg; Nurses. Doctors
Downloads: 222 (2 reviews)
|Aseptic operating theatre technique - Wellcome Library|
This film illustrates various methods of sterilisation for the total abolition of germs from every surface and material which approaches the field of operation. Techniques shown include the use of an autoclave, sterilising using boiling water, boiling oil, a naked flame, antiseptics, paraform vapour and dry heat. We also see at the end how a patient is prepared for an operation on the knee. 2 segments.
Keywords: Operating Rooms; Infection Control; Urologic Surgical Procedures; Surgery; Operating Rooms; Infection Control; Urologic Surgical Procedures; Nurses surgeons
|Everymans enemy-the housefly - Wellcome Library|
The life of the housefly is described, and its importance in the spread of disease, especially typhoid and dysentry. Control measures applicable to refuse sites, food processing factories and hospitals are discussed. 2 segments.
Keywords: Disease Outbreaks; Houseflies; Pest Control; Insects; Pest control; Pests; Insects; Disease Outbreaks; Houseflies; Pest Control; Insects; Medical
Downloads: 1,711 (2 reviews)
|Training for childbirth and after - Wellcome Library|
Ante- and post-natal exercises demonstrated by an instructor and then by a class of mothers-to-be. 3 segments.
Keywords: Obstetrics; Parturition; Postnatal Care; Birth; Pregnancy; Obstetrics; Parturition; Postnatal Care; Pregnant women
|Surgical anatomy of temporal bone and the simple or Schwartze operation for acute mastoiditis - Wellcome Library|
The surgical anatomy of the temporal bone (bone behind the ear) of a child is shown in close-up, followed by a demonstration of the Schwartze operation for acute mastoiditis (infection of the temporal bone). 3 segments.
Keywords: Ear -- surgery; Mastoid; Pediatrics; Mastoiditis -- surgery; Temporal Bone; Pediatrics; Surgery; Medical sciences; Ear -- surgery; Mastoid; Pediatrics; Mastoiditis -- surgery; Temporal Bone; Surgeons
Charles McCuskey MD describes the practice of endotracheal intubation to camera. Then a narrator summarises best practice in the selection of anaesthetising agents and equipment. A patient (a female) is induced by the open drop technique using ether. Anaesthesia is cyclopropene. A derivative of curare is used for muscle relaxant. The features and benefits of different kinds of tubes (for intubation) are outlined...
Keywords: Anesthesia; Intubation, Intratracheal
|Blood - Wellcome Library|
An elementary but comprehensive survey of some of the clinical aspects of blood. 2 segments.
Keywords: Hematology; Blood; Erythrocytes; Leukocytes; Plasma; Blood Platelets; Medical sciences; Hematology; Blood; Erythrocytes; Leukocytes; Plasma; Blood Platelets; Health care personnel
|Orthopaedic exercises for curvature of the spine - Wellcome Library|
A series of exercises for developing spinal musculature and correcting curvatures. The patients wear special knee and hand pads and do the exercises in a crawling posture. 2 segments.
Keywords: Orthopedics; Spine; Spinal Curvatures -- therapy; Movement education; Orthopedics; Spine; Spinal Curvatures -- therapy; Physiotherapists
Downloads: 525 (2 reviews)
|X-ray studies of the joint movements - Wellcome Library|
This film illustrates the scope and value of this form of x-ray examination, especially in case records. The film comprises of a series of x-ray sequences showing movement of the fingers and thumbs, wrists, elbows, shoulders, knees, ankles and feet. 2 segments.
Keywords: Medicine -- History; Radiography; Cineradiography -- history; Medical Science; Medical equipment; Medicine -- History; Radiography; Cineradiography -- history; Medicine
|Bathing and dressing synchronised with new audio|
A film originally in two parts made for mothers-to-be, looking at the correct way to bathe a baby. This first part shows, among other things, the importance of avoiding draughts, which equipment is needed, how to change a soiled nappy, the correct temperature of bath water and how to wash the face and head. In 2013, in partnership with the BFI, Wellcome Library commissioned a new sound track by Dr Felicity Ford...
Keywords: Infant, Newborn; Maternal Behavior
|Seizure , The medical treatment and social problems of epilepsy|
With high production values, this film dramatises (or semi-dramatises) the plight of a man, Dan Plover, who has epilepsy. Dan is seen drenched through and destitute as he returns to the National Veterans Epilepsy Center, a place where we are told he felt safe in the past, just three months earlier. In cinematic terms, we find out why Dan has returned to the treatment centre by a series of flashbacks...
Keywords: Seizures; Electroencephalography; Rehabilitation; Epilepsy
|Toxemia in pregnancy - Wellcome Library|
A film narrated by a fictional mother and doctor about toxaemia in pregnancy. The doctor explains the symptoms and methods of care, and the types of women who are susceptible to toxaemia, including women who smoke 'too much'. Dietary advice is also given. 2 segments.
Keywords: Pre-Eclampsia; Pregnancy; Mothers; Pregnancy; Maternal and child health; Mothers; Pre-Eclampsia; Pregnancy; Mothers; Pregnant women
|Do you see?|
A short film which describes the development of eye care and spectacles. The film describes, with the aid of diagrams, how sight works. A test for colour blindness is performed. An optometrist tests sight and fits glasses. There is a waiting room. The film is about the National Eye Service which was established by the BMA. 1 segment.
Keywords: Optometry; Eye; Public Health